Results in research paper
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Results in research paper
Writing a Results Section
Definition The results section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied. If you have a table of results, refer to it in the text, but do not repeat the figures - duplicate information will be penalized. The Research Council of Norway. Present the results followed by a short explanation of the findings. No colonies were detected on the combination treatment see Figure 1. Save this course for later Don't have time for it all now? The findings include:. Even if your study did not support your hypothesis, it does not mean that the conclusions you reach are not useful. You may also like. For example:. Martyn Shuttleworth K reads. The most important advice one can give here as well as throughout the paper is to check the requirements and standards of the journal to which you are submitting your work. Here we compare the results of the proposed method with those of the traditional methods. Coli bacterial strains. Using Non-textual Elements Either place figures, tables, charts, etc. For example, in your empirical analysis you notice an uncommon correlation between two variables. Notify of. Sign in with Facebook Sign in with Google. Save this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e. One excellent option is to use a professional academic editing service such as Wordvice. Site Menu. NOTE: the results and discussion sections have been merged in this report. The results section of an APA format paper summarizes the data that was collected and the statistical analyses that were performed. Coli strain 1 EC 1 tended to be the most sensitive as it produced no colonies on any of the treated plates see Figure 1 E. Read more information on how to write a results section in APA format. Complete Collection. The result is equal to or better than a result that is currently accepted. February ; Results. Toggle navigation. TESOL thesis. Your results section should include both text and illustrations. There are two sections of a research paper depending on what style is being written. The sections are usually straightforward commentary of.
Results in research paper - Writing a Results Section - Announcing the Findings
The background information you described in the introduction section should provide the reader with any additional context or explanation needed to understand the results. In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish information that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other content that could be included as an appendix. If you feel the need to highlight something, you will have a chance to do that in the discussion section. In this excerpt, details about the statistical tests undertaken and the results of these tests. You can also use appendices if you have many other helpful figures or tables that cannot be fully included in the text of your academic article. It is not uncommon to have unanticipated results that are not relevant to answering the research question. Thanks for your feedback! Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following : Discussing or interpreting your results. EC 2 was more resilient towards the Chloramphenicol treatment, and EC 3 was more resilient towards the streptomycin treatment. Manuscript sections. Tables and Figures. If you have a table of results, refer to it in the text, but do not repeat the figures - duplicate information will be penalized. After you have assessed the data in one figure and explained it sufficiently, move onto your next research question. Be sure to properly label any non-textual elements in your paper. It performs well, giving good results. If you have used statistical analyses in your academic article, and found answers to your research questions, report those facts in relation to your question. Save all this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e. The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. Burton, Neil et al. The graph illustrates that 5mg. Getting Started 2. Coli strains 2 and 3 EC 2 and EC 3 tended to have an intermediate sensitivity to antibiotic treatments. Ignoring negative results. Including raw data or intermediate calculations.
Academic Phrases for Writing Results & Discussion Sections of a Research Paper
Rather than relying entirely on descriptive text, consider how your findings can be presented visually. Even if not all of your research results are confirmed, you should not ignore them. How to Decrease the Length of a Research Abstract The abstract is perhaps the most important section of your research paper. The results section should simply state the findings, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a logical sequence. Note that this author has included three graphs in one single figure. Both approaches are appropriate in how you report your findings, but use only one format. Coli colonies but some treatments were more effective on particular strains than others see Figure 1. If you choose, you can create a supplemental online archive where other researchers can access the raw data if they choose to do so. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper. Your email address will not be published. Think of the results section as the place where you report what your study found; think of the discussion section as the place where you interpret your data and answer the "So What? Problems to Avoid. Think of the results section as the place where you report what your study found; think of the discussion section as the place where you interpret your data and answer the "so what? Thank you to February ; Results. While the Methods section explains how the data were collected, the Results section presents what data were accumulated. If you have used statistical analyses in your academic article, and found answers to your research questions, report those facts in relation to your question. It presents these findings in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation from the author, setting up the reader for later interpretation and evaluation in the Discussion section. Guideline 3: Report negative results—they are important!
How to Write an APA Results Section
Don't call a chart an illustration or a figure a table. Revise your introduction as needed. Read more information on how to write a results section in APA format. How to Read Psychology Journal Articles. Add to my courses. In its hydrolysed form, however, the BSA sample separated into a number of spots which were bright pink or purple Fig. The initial analysis of the model text was very teacher directed. No colonies were detected on the combination treatment see Figure 1. The Results section is written in a concise and objective fashion. For most research paper formats , there are two ways of presenting and organizing the results. San Francisco Edit; "Reporting Findings. For most research papers in the social and behavioral sciences, there are two possible ways of organizing the results. The background information you described in the introduction section should provide the reader with any additional context or explanation needed to understand the results. This often makes up for a great discussion section, so do not be afraid to highlight them. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Coli as the colony sizes were near maximum of the standard result. Example without interpretation : The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages Fig. The sections are usually straightforward commentary of exactly what the writer observed and found during the actual research. An excerpt from the results section of a chemistry report When samples of hydrolysed and unhydrolysed BSA were analysed by ascending paper chromatography, section of an Education report that used qualitative research methodology. The method of organization you use will depend on the quantity and type of results you obtain from your research. You should look for a method of presentation.
Subsequently, these can be referenced and analyzed under separate headings and paragraphs in the text. Document them and then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. Present a result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on, then end with an overall synopsis. Example with interpretation : The results of the germination experiment Fig. Our Services. While your study might not have supported your original predictions, your finding can provide important inspiration for future explorations into a topic. Include other data such as frequency counts, subcategories, and rich quotes for each category. The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported. Likert items and other data points can be included in figures, charts, and graphs to clarify information. Results that do not support your original hypothesis can be just as informative as results that do. In this excerpt, details about the statistical tests undertaken and the results of these tests. You should seek information from your lecturers and tutors about whether this is appropriate in your discipline. In general, raw data that has not been summarized should not be included in the main text of your paper unless requested to do so by your professor. Avoid providing data that is not critical to answering the research question. Experimental Biosciences Resources. Check Out the Official Book Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. It follows the presentation of the Methods and Materials and is presented before the Discussion section—although the Results and Discussion are presented together in many journals. If you feel the need to highlight something, you will have a chance to do that in the discussion section. However, the act of articulating the results helps you to understand the problem from within, to break it into pieces, and to view the research problem from various perspectives. The results section should aim to narrate the findings without trying to interpret or evaluate, and also provide a direction to the discussion section of the research paper. This approach can be used to highlight important findings. However, if you are inexperienced writing research papers, consider creating two distinct sections for each element in your paper as a way to better organize your thoughts and, by extension, your paper.
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